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China Cities

China is a vast country with a big population, so different cities have different characteristics. Northern cities are generally mixes of tradition and modernization, such as the capital city Beijing; while southern cities are more all-inclusive, such as Shanghai and Guangzhou. Coastal cities are more fashionable such as Qingdao and Dalian; while inland cities are quieter with traits of ancient Chinese culture, such as Xi’an and Chongqing. The following descriptions will help you to get to know some of the main cities in China.

• Beijing - Capital of China

As the capital of the People's Republic of China, Beijing is the central city of the country. It is the political and cultural center as well as the financial management center of China. Sometimes also known as Peking, it is a city of important international influence and one of the biggest cities in the world. 

Located in the northwest edge of north China plain, Beijing is adjacent to Tianjin and Hebei province. The weather there is a typical temperate monsoon climate, with high temperature and quite a lot rainfall in the summer, the weather is always cold and dry in the winter , and short-term spring and autumn with mild weather. 
Being one of the Four Great Ancient Capital of China, Beijing is always known as a famous historical and cultural city in the world. But today it is also renowned as the most developed cities in China, with gross regional domestic product reached 1.78 trillion yuan in 2012. There are in total 21 Fortune 500 companies who located their Asia-Pacific headquarters in Beijing by 2010, which ranks the city as the second place in the world, with New York (18) and London (15) right behind it. 
Beijing is also the most developed city of education in the whole country. By 2012, there are in total 91 universities and colleges in Beijing, including the most famous ones in China such as Peking University, Tsinghua University, Renmin University of China, Beijing Normal University, and Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, etc. 

• Shanghai - The Oriental Pearl

As China's largest city, Shanghai is a municipality directly under the central government of the People's Republic of China. It is renowned in the world as one of the prosperous international metropolis. The city is located at the estuary of Yangtze river. Together with Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, Shanghai is the leading city of China's largest economic zone the "Yangtze river delta economic zone". The weather there is a subtropical humid monsoon climate, with four distinctive seasons. January is the coldest, with the average temperature of 4.9 ℃, and July is usually the hottest, with the average temperature of 30.9 ℃. 
Shanghai is China's most famous industrial and commercial city, and it is also the nation's largest comprehensive industrial city. Furthermore, Shanghai is known as the center of China's economy, transportation, science and technology, industry, finance, trade, exhibition and shipping industry. The total GDP of Shanghai stands first place in China, and is second only to Tokyo and Osaka in Asia. The city is now devoting itself to building the international center of finance, shipping and trade. In 2012, Shanghai accounted for about 4% of China's gross domestic product, ranking in the first place among the cities in the Greater China and surpassing many famous Asian cities such as Seoul, Hong Kong and Singapore. 
The city now owns two international airports: Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. In 2009, Shanghai has formed with 71 cities or regions of many countries in the world as friendship cities or established friendly exchanging relationships. Amounted to 62 countries have established their consular agencies in Shanghai, most of which are consulate general and offer service for the Eastern China area. Shanghai has also successfully hosted the World Expo in 2010.
At present, the city has 10 “Project 211” key construction universities, including four “Project 985” universities which are Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Tongji University and East China Normal University. The city now has more than 100 scientific research institutions, 100,000 scientific research personnel, and more than 100 professional and technical training institutions.

• Guangzhou - Commercial Capital

Guangzhou is one of the central cities and one of the three comprehensive gateway cities of China. It is known as a world-famous port city and the place where the country’s most influential Canton Fair is held. 
Guangzhou has a history of two thousand years and is one of the famous historical and cultural cities in China. It is one of the starting place of the Maritime Silk Road and is entitled with the name “Thousand-year Commercial Capital”. It has always been one of the most important commercial center in China. With more than 100,000 commercial outlets nowadays, Guangzhou is in the first place among the top ten cities in China. 

Guangzhou is one of the most developed cities in the area of higher education of the country. There are more than 40 higher education institutions including both universities and colleges there, among which are the famous ones such as Sun Yat-sen University, South China University of Technology, Jinan University, Southern Medical University, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, etc. 

• Qingdao - City of Sail

Qingdao is a beautiful coastal city and one of the metropolis which have held the most big and international events in China. The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and Paralympic Olympic Games set venues in Qingdao. The city will hold the World Cup Sailing Competition for two consecutive sessions in 2013 and 2014, and also the World Horticultural Exposition in 2014. There are many famous enterprises in the city, so it is given the names “The City of Brand” and “The World’s Beer City”. It is a beautiful and unique seashore city with the attractive sea and mountain, beautiful scenery and pleasant climate. 
Qingdao is an important economic center city at the east coasts of China. The economic aggregate of the Shandong Peninsula economic zone where the city is located is up to 2.6 trillion, second only to the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River delta and Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan economic zone, ranking fourth of the nation.
As an important economic and cultural center of the East coastal area, Qingdao is one of China's five cities under separate state planning, and it is also one of 14 coastal open cities in China. The city is one of the important regional economic center and foreign trade port for China to open up to the world.
Recently, Shandong province aims to develop its “blue economic zone” into a powerhouse of marine science and technology, and the city of Qingdao has its sights set on becoming the world leader in marine technology innovation. With its rich reserve of marine resources and advantages, the Qingdao government initiated its plan to turn itself into a “Blue Silicon Valley”. The city has 28 marine research institutes, and 19 academics including the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering. A third of the country’s oceanographic experts and 70 percent of China’s academicians specializing in ocean research live in Qingdao.